Meritocracy is another system of social stratification in which personal effort—or merit—determines social standing. High levels of effort will lead to a high social position, and vice versa. The concept of meritocracy is an ideal—that is, a society has never existed where social rank was based purely on merit. Because of the complex structure of societies, processes like socialization, and the realities of economic systems, social standing is influenced by multiple factors, not merit alone. Inheritance and pressure to conform to norms, for instance, disrupt the notion of a pure meritocracy. Sociologists see aspects of meritocracies in modern societies when they study the role of academic performance and job performance, and the systems in place for evaluating and rewarding achievement in these areas.

Q. This passage suggests that meritocracy is …

Select the Correct Answer:
A very real possibility in the future
Very unlikely to solely govern society due to complex structures
Taking over modern societies as a system of social stratification
Not solely based on merit but other factors as well


25 Reading Questions for TOEFL Prep - Group 1

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