The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis

The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis is based on the idea that people experience their world through their language, and that they therefore understand their world through the culture embedded in their language. The hypothesis, which has also been called linguistic relativity, states that language shapes thought. Studies have shown, for instance, that unless people have access to the word “ambivalent,” they don’t recognize an experience of uncertainty due to conflicting positive and negative feelings about one issue. Essentially, the hypothesis argues, if a person can’t describe the experience, the person is not having the experience.

Q. Why does the author say “the hypothesis argues”?

Select the Correct Answer:
To state their personal stance on the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
To show that the hypothesis’ argument is indeed correct
To show that linguistic relativity is simply a hypothesis
To show that scholars are in agreement about the hypothesis


25 Reading Questions for TOEFL Prep - Group 1

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