What to do if you have intraocular hypertension?

Tue, Dec 2023
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Intraocular hypertension refers to the condition where the pressure in your eyes is higher than normal. It can lead to glaucoma and permanent vision loss if not treated. If you have been diagnosed with intraocular hypertension, here are some steps you should take: 1. Regular Check-ups: Regular eye examinations are crucial for monitoring the pressure in your eyes. Your ophthalmologist will use a device called a tonometer to measure your intraocular pressure (IOP). 2. Medication: Your doctor may prescribe eye drops that decrease eye pressure either by slowing the production of fluids within the eye or by improving the flow exiting the drainage angle. 3. Healthy Lifestyle: Maintain a healthy lifestyle which includes regular exercise and a balanced diet. Some studies suggest that moderate exercise like jogging or walking three times a week can help lower intraocular pressure. 4. Limit Caffeine: High amounts of caffeine can increase eye pressure, so it's recommended to limit your intake. 5. Stay Hydrated: Drink fluids slowly throughout the day; drinking large amounts quickly can temporarily increase eye pressure. 6. Sleep Position: Using a wedge pillow to elevate your head while sleeping can reduce intraocular pressure. 7. Avoid Certain Yoga Positions: Some yoga positions, like headstands, can increase eye pressure and should be avoided. 8. Follow Doctor’s Instructions: Always follow your doctor's instructions regarding medication and lifestyle changes. 9. Regular Monitoring: Keep track of changes in your vision or appearance of your eyes and report them to your doctor immediately. 10. Surgery or Laser Treatment: In some cases, if medications are not effective in controlling intraocular hypertension, doctors may recommend surgery or laser treatment to create a new drainage channel for fluid in the eye or to destroy tissues in the eye that are responsible for fluid production. Remember, early detection and treatment of high eye pressure can help prevent nerve damage and vision loss, making regular check-ups essential.
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