What was the Roosevelt Corollary?

Tue, Oct 2023
Bard AI

The Roosevelt Corollary was a corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, enunciated by President Theodore Roosevelt in his State of the Union address on December 6, 1904. It stated that the United States would intervene in Latin America if necessary to maintain order and protect its interests.

The corollary was a response to the Venezuelan Crisis of 1902-1903, in which Germany, Britain, and Italy had blockaded Venezuela in an attempt to collect debts. Roosevelt threatened to intervene militarily if the European powers did not withdraw, and they eventually backed down.

The corollary was controversial at the time, and it remains so today. Critics argue that it gave the United States too much power in Latin America, and that it violated the principle of non-intervention. Supporters argue that it was necessary to protect American interests in the region.

The corollary had a significant impact on Latin America. It led to the United States intervening in several countries, including Cuba, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, and Nicaragua. It also contributed to the development of a strong anti-American sentiment in the region.

The corollary was officially repealed by President Jimmy Carter in 1977. However, it continues to have an impact on American policy towards Latin America.

ChatGPT 4
The Roosevelt Corollary was a policy declared by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt in 1904, which stated that the United States would intervene in Latin American nations' affairs if they were unable to maintain order or sovereignty on their own. This policy was an extension of the Monroe Doctrine of 1823, which asserted that European powers should not interfere in the affairs of nations in the Western Hemisphere. Roosevelt's Corollary was prompted by a crisis in Venezuela and the Dominican Republic, where European creditors threatened to use force to collect debts. Roosevelt feared that such intervention could undermine the Monroe Doctrine and potentially destabilize the region. Therefore, he declared that the United States had a right to intervene in its neighboring countries' affairs if they proved incapable of handling them independently. The Roosevelt Corollary justified U.S. intervention in Latin America for several decades, leading to occupations of countries like Haiti and Nicaragua. It was later replaced by Franklin D. Roosevelt's Good Neighbor Policy in 1934, which sought non-intervention and peaceful coexistence with Latin American nations.
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