Definition of 'sign' ito of wills act
Sign can be making initials or making a mark.
Who can only sign by making a mark?
T can only sign by using mark. If anyone else signs by mark, the Will is INVALID
Jhajbhai v The Master
Ricketts v Bryne
Printed letters constitute a mark and cannot be used as valid siganture. Only testator can signed by using printed letters.
What is a mark?
Requirements when T signs with mark...
Does amanuensis sign with own name or T's name?
Sterban v Dixon
Kidwell v The Master
Who is a competent witness S1 of WA?
Who is incompetent?
What does attest mean?
The act of witnessing the testastor/amanuensis sign.
Presence with witnesses is sufficient...
Where the witnesses are in the room at the time of the signing and had seen T sign or could have seen T sign.
Presence only requires..
Parties to be in the same room where they could have seen person signed, other room , signature not valid.
Karani v Karani
Liebenberg v The Master
Do witnesses need to know that they are signing a will in order for it to be valid?
No, even if witnesses think they are signing another doc, signature still valid.
Do witnesses need to read or know the contents of the will in order for it to be valid when signed?
Witnesses do not need to read or know the contents of the will for it to be valid.
May a witness also be a beneficiary of the will?
Yes witness may, as long as they are competent
Where must CoO sign?
Anywhere on every page.