Components of Language

According to the drive theory of motivation, deviations from homeostasis create physiological needs. These needs result in psychological drive states that direct behavior to meet the need and, ultimately, bring the system back to homeostasis. For example, if it’s been a while since you ate, your blood sugar levels will drop below normal. This low blood sugar will induce a physiological need and a corresponding drive state (i.e., hunger) that will direct you to seek out and consume food.

Eating will eliminate the hunger, and, ultimately, your blood sugar levels will return to normal. Interestingly, drive theory also emphasizes the role that habits play in the type of behavioral response in which we engage. A habit is a pattern of behavior in which we regularly engage. Once we have engaged in a behavior that successfully reduces a drive, we are more likely to engage in that behavior whenever faced with that drive in the future.

Q. An introductory sentence for a brief summary of the passage is provided below. Complete the summary by selecting the THREE answer choices that express the most important ideas in the passage. Some sentences do not belong in the summary because they express ideas that are not presented in the passage or are minor ideas in the passage. This question is worth 2 points.

The drive theory of motivation proposes that humans are driven to certain behaviors by a need to return to a state of homeostasis.

Select All the Correct Answers:
Eating satisfies hunger by balancing our blood sugar levels
A straying away from homeostasis, or what we consider normal, causes a psychological need to return to that normal state
Habit has a role in this theory in that it also drives humans to certain behaviors
Once a habit is developed, it is normal for humans to engage in that habitual behavior to reduce a particular drive or need
A habit is defined as a pattern of behavior in which humans engage frequently


15 Reading Questions for TOEFL Prep - Group 4

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