Study Set Content:
1- Flashcard

Chemicals that are normally of low molecular weight and which interact with molecular targets to produce a biological response

Drugs

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2- Flashcard

Drugs are potentially

posions

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3- Flashcard

Biological response may be therapeutically useful in the case o

medicines

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4- Flashcard

Biological response may be therapeutically useful in the case of medicines or harmful in the case of

poison

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5- Flashcard

Classification of Drugs

Acc. To pharmacological effect

. Depending where they act on a particular biochemical process

. Chemical structure

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6- Flashcard

Common feature which is shared by all analgesic

pain killing effect

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7- Flashcard

Act on different target and have no structural

relationship

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8- Flashcard

Ex: antihistamine act by the inhibiting the action of the inflammatory agent (blank) in the body

histamine

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9- Flashcard

share common structural feature and often share a similar pharmacologic activity

Chemical structure

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10- Flashcard

: penicillin contain (blank) and kill bacteria by the same mechanism

β-lactam ring

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11- Flashcard

Why is it when a patient is allergic to penicillin he/she should not be given cephalosporin? Because cephalosporin also contains a

β-lactam ring

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12- Flashcard

Actions of drugs are the (blank) mechanisms by which the chemical produces a response in living organisms.

biochemicals, physiological

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13- Flashcard

The effect is the observable (blank) of drug action

consequence

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14- Flashcard

The biological effects observed after a drug has been administered are the result of(blank) between that chemical and some part of the organism.

interaction

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15- Flashcard

Important target of drug action because almost all biological reactions are carried out under influence of

Enzymes

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16- Flashcard

Drugs may either (blank) or (blank) enzymatic reaction

increase, decrease

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17- Flashcard

Made of protein structure that acts as the body’s catalyst (aids a chemical reaction by lowering the Activation energy of reaction)

Enzyme

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18- Flashcard

Made up of amino acid sub-units linked to together by

Peptide bonds

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19- Flashcard

How many essential amino acids

20

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20- Flashcard

This speed up the rate at which the reactions reaches equilibrium but does not affect the (blank) itself

equilibrium

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