· Study of Carbon-containing compounds
· The study of the structure, properties composition, reactions, and preparations of carbon-containing compounds.
· The study of hydrocarbons (compounds of carbon and hydrogen) and their derivatives
Most organic compounds contain Carbon and Hydrogen, but they may also include any numbers of other elements (e.g., Nitrogen, Oxygen, Halogens, Phosphorous, Silicon, Sulfur
● A group 4A element.
● Can share 4 valence electrons and form 4 covalent bonds.
● Able to bond with one another to form long chains and rings.
● Only element that has the ability to form immense diversity of compounds.
· is any member if a large class of gaseous liquid, or solid chemical compounds whose molecules contain carbon.
· Ex: Proteins, Hormone-like Estrogen, Cellular
components like T-Cell receptors, various alcohols and
sugar alcohols, methane, ethane, acetylene, alcohols,
carbon tetrachloride (CCL4), Urea [CO(NH2)2]
is a compound that is not considered “Organic”. They are traditionally viewed as being synthesized by the agency of geological systems.
are found in biological systems.
Organic chemists traditionally refer to any “Any molecule containing carbon as an organic compound” and by default this means that(blank) deals with molecules lacking carbon.
Bonding is almost entirely covalent
May be gases, liquids, or solids with low melting points (less than 360C
Most have ionic bonds
Most are solids with high melting points
Most are insoluble in water
Most are soluble in organic solvents such as diethyl ether, toluene, and dichloromethane
Aqueous solutions do not conduct electricity
Many are soluble in water
Almost are insoluble in organic solvents
Aqueous solutions conduct electricity
Very few burn
Reactions are often fast
Almost all burn
Reactions are usually slow