The socially constructed roles,behaviours, activities and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for individuals based on the sex they were assigned at birth.
The classification of a person as having female, male and/or intersex sex characteristics. While infants are usually assigned the sex of male or female at birth based on the appearance of their external anatomy alone, a person’s sex is a combination of a range of bodily sex characteristics.
The sex that is assigned to a person at birth, typically based on the infant’s external anatomy; also referred to as birth sex or natal sex.
Assigned Sex at Birth
refer to people with typical male or female sex characteristics, regardless of their gender identity or gender expression.
AFAB / AMAB
refer to intersex people assigned a binary sex, often via non-consensual surgeries.
CAFAB / CAMAB
A set of societal norms dictating what types of behaviors are generally considered acceptable, appropriate or desirable for a person based on their actual sex or perceived sex or gender.
Each person’s deeply felt internal and individual experience of gender, which may or may not correspond with their sex assigned at birth or the gender attributed to them by society. It includes the personal sense of the body, which may or may not involve a desire for modification of appearance or function of the body by medical, surgical or other means.
Possession of the qualities associated with men and women in a particular society at a particular time.
refers to the principle asserting the equality of men and women and their right to enjoy equal conditions realizing their full human potentials to contribute to and benefit from the results of development, and with the State recognizing that all human beings are free and equal in dignity and rights.
refers to the fairness and justice in the distribution of benefits and responsibilities between women and men. Gender equity recognizes that men and women have different needs and power and that these should be identified and addressed in a manner that rectifies the imbalance between them. Thus, women-specific programs and policies may be needed to reach equality.
refers to the ability to understand and consider the socio-cultural factors underlying gender-based discrimination, socialization of men and women into certain behaviors or opportunities, power relations between men and women, as well as the different needs, problems and levels of access to resources that they have.
Individuals use a range of cues, such as names, pronouns, behaviour, clothing, voice, mannerisms and/or bodily characteristics, to interpret other individuals’ genders. Gender expression is not necessarily an ac-curate reflection of gender identity. People with diverse sexual orientation, gender identity or sex characteristics do not necessarily have a diverse gender expression. Likewise, people who do not have a diverse sexual orientation, gender identity or sex characteristics may have a diverse gender expression.
refers to the dominance of men over women that occur in several spheres of life including, but not limited to, the economic, political and cultural spheres.
refers to the provision, availability, and accessibility of opportunities, services, and observance of human rights which enable women to actively participate and contribute to the political, economic, social, and cultural development of the nation as well as those which shall provide them equal access to ownership, management, and control of production, and of material and informational resources and benefits in the family, community, and society.
An acronym for sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression and sex characteristics.
An acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex and queer. The plus sign represents people with diverse SOGIESC who identify using other terms. In some contexts, LGB, LGBT or LGBTI are used to refer to particular populations.
Each person’s enduring capacity for profound romantic, emotional and/or physical feelings for, or attraction to, other people. Encompasses hetero-, homo-, bi-, pan- and asexuality, as well as a wide range of other expressions of sexual orientation. This term is preferred over sexual preference, sexual behavior, lifestyle and way of life when describing an individual’s feelings for or attraction to other people.
Indicates a greater liking for particular characteristics over others in relation to an individual’s romantic, emotional and/or physical feelings for, or attraction, to other people. For instance, this can be for tall, short, dark-haired, brown-eyed or other traits of a partner.