A noise - a hole - a speech
A discovery – a journey – a note – a different – a suggestion – a choice – fun of
Arrangements – a mistake – trouble- a promise – a fire
An effort – friends –the bed
Money- fortune –available for
Achievements – a phone call
Homework- well- a survey
An operation- a hobby-a job
Washing – housework- a quiz
His best- a project= repairs
Business- a report- a favor
Research- something- exercise
Irony- cooking-judo-an activity
Exam –test- shopping- washing
Crossword- the laundry
Bias by spin
spin occurs when a story only has one interpretation of an event or policy
the reporter gives subjective comments about objective facts making one ideological side look better than another
to identify this type of bias, look for which perspective a news story matches liberal or conservative
also called confirmatory bias or my side bias, is the tendency to search for, interpret, favor, and recall information in a way that confirms one’s beliefs or hypotheses, while giving disproportionately less consideration to alternative possibilities.
Bias by omission
leaving one slide out of an article, or series of articles, over a period of time this can happen with one story or a series of stories as the news outlet reports one set of events, not another. Be aware of liberal and conservative perspectives on current events to find this type of bias.
Bias by labeling
there are two types of labeling- one in which one side of the political spectrum is given an extreme label which is the other side is not addressed with a label or given a more meld label.
the other type is when one side is given a label and the other is identified as an expert or independent group.
when looking for this type of bias remember labeling in and of itself is not bias, it's when one side is labeled and the other is marked
Bias by story selection
a pattern of highlighting news stories that agree with the agenda of the left or right and ignoring the other side.
to identify this bias one needs to be aware of both the left and the right perspective
Bias by placement
story placement is a measure of how important the editor considers a story.
many people only read the headlines and therefore only see the larger stories.
to identify this type of bias, look for rare newspaper places political stories